ONLINE SOURCES

History of the U.S.A.

Search Engines for Finding Primary Sources in Archives/Repositories in the United States:

¨ ArchivesUSA: "Access to holdings and contact information of more than 5,400 repositories. Indexes to over 118,000 special collections"--searchable (for locating primary sources in the USA):http://archives.chadwyck.com/

 

¨ Library of Congress (every book published in English should be in this collection):http://www.loc.gov/catdir/catdir.html [also on CD-ROM]

 

¨ National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections [NUCMUC]--the guide to manuscript collections throughout the U.S. (normally indispensible, but primarily only if you can get to the U.S. to visit archives):http://lcweb.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/nucmc.html

¨ National Archives (again, useful primarily only if you can get to the U.S. for research, but see the next two entries in this list):http://www.nara.gov/

¨ National Archives microfilm publications (available for loan or purchase):http://www.nara.gov/research/bymedia/micr_int.html

¨ The National Archives has a searchable database of primary sources it has made available on-line through their website:http://www.nara.gov/nara/nail.html

 

Different Periods/Topics:

¨ The American Memory Project at the Library of Congress (an amazing array of things-- documents, photos, etc.--divided topically and fully searchable [see below, Perseus Project, for an example]):http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/ammemhome.html

 

¨ Bartleby Library: Great Books On-Line (including Strunk and White, The Elements of Style, eight books by President Theodore Roosevelt, and inaugural addresses of all regularly elected American presidents):http://www.bartleby.com/index.html

 

¨ DOUGLASS--Archives of American Public Address from Northwestern University (speeches and publications from prominent Americans from various periods in U.S. history):http://douglass.speech.nwu.edu/

 

¨ Library of Virginia Digital Library Program (digitized primary documents in a range of areas, focused on Virginia history; searchable):http://www.lva.lib.va.us/dlp/index.htm

 

¨ The Making of America Project, a digital library of primary sources; a collaborative effort between the University of Michigan (8,500 books and over 50,000 journal articles, mostly from the period 1850-1877) and Cornell University (267 books and over 100,000 journal articles, mostly from 1840-1900)--all fully searchable:http://moa.umdl.umich.edu/ and http://library5.library.cornell.edu/moa/

 

¨ Mississippi State University (collection of documents on all eras of U.S. history):http://www.msstate.edu:80/Archives/History/USA/usa.html

 

¨ The National Archives has a searchable database of primary sources it has made available on-line through their website (including the military service records of Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders from the Spanish American War):http://www.nara.gov/nara/nail.html

 

¨ Perseus Project (Tufts University)--Library of Congress American Memory Collection: Books on the Upper Midwest (including, the full text of multi-volume publications of primary sources from the collections of the Minnesota and Wisconsin State Historical Societies)--see above for entire American Memory Project:http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/perscoll?collection=AmMem-lhbum

 

CHRONOLOGICAL PAGES

Colonial/Revolutionary Period:

¨ The American Revolution at the History Place:http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/

 

¨ Bacon's Rebellion:http://grid.let.rug.nl/~welling/usa/documents/bacon.html

 

¨ Fire and Ice: Puritan and Reformed Writings:http://www.puritansermons.com/toc.htm

 

¨ Founding Documents of the United States (links to texts of Dec. of Indep., Constitution, Federalist Papers, and other documents, including Franklin, Washington, and Jefferson papers, and Supreme Court decisions):http://www.constitution.org/cs_found.htm

 

¨ The Thomas Jefferson Papers (at present [4/99] mostly pertaining to Colonial Virginia, 1606-1737):http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/mtjhtml/

 

¨ George Washington Papers:http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gwhtml

 

¨ The Writings of Thomas Jefferson--complete text of 19 volume compilation originally published in 1907http://www.constitution.org/tj/tj-categ.htm

 

Early Republic/Jacksonian Era (1783-1840):

¨ DoHistory.org: Site containing the entire twenty-seven year diary of Martha Ballard, 1785-1812 (diary was basis for a Pulitzer Prize Winning book by Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, A Midwife's Tale, but could be used in other ways):http://www.dohistory.org/

 

¨ Founding Documents of the United States (links to texts of Dec. of Indep., Constitution, Federalist Papers, and other documents, including Franklin, Washington, and Jefferson papers, and Supreme Court decisions):http://www.constitution.org/cs_found.htm

 

¨ George Washington Papers:http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gwhtml

 

¨ Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1820-1940 (a project at SUNY-Binghamton):http://womhist.binghamton.edu/

 

¨ The Writings of Thomas Jefferson--complete text of 19 volume compilation originally published in 1907http://www.constitution.org/tj/tj-categ.htm

 

Antebellum (1840-1860) and the South:

 

¨ Documenting the American South--"a collection of full-text primary sources on Southern history" including first person narratives and ex-slave narratives; focused on the colonial period to the early-20th century:http://sunsite.unc.edu/docsouth/

 

¨ Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1820-1940 (a project at SUNY-Binghamton):http://womhist.binghamton.edu/

 

Civil War and Reconstruction (1860-1877):

¨ Causes of the Civil War (primary documents; use other sites linked to this one with care):http://members.aol.com/jfepperson/causes.html

 

¨ Civil War Women: Primary Sources on the Net (links to sources):http://odyssey.lib.duke.edu/women/cwdocs.html

 

¨ The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson (president, 1865-1869) from Harper's Weekly:http://www.impeachment-johnson.com

 

¨ Letters from an Iowa Soldier in the Civil War:http://www.ucsc.edu/civil-war-letters/home.html

 

¨ Lincoln/Net: Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization Project (many primary materials plus a few short interpretive essays on Lincoln and his times):http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu

 

¨ Presidential Elections, 1860-1884 (cartoons, mostly from Harper's Weekly, and other information) and Political Prints, 1766-1876 (a wider ranging collection from the Library of Congress holdings), both from the Harper's Weekly webpage:http://elections.harpweek.com/ and http://loc.harpweek.com/

 

¨ The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War by Edward L. Ayres, Univ. of Virginia (large, searchable collection of primary documents from two communties during the Civil War era):http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/vshadow2/

 

¨ The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (1880-1901 [publication dates of individual volumes]) and Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion (1894-1922)http://library5.library.cornell.edu/moa/browse.monographs/waro.html and http://library5.library.cornell.edu/moa/browse.monographs/ofre.html

 

Gilded Age and Progressive Era (1877-1920):

¨ "Anti-Imperialism in the United States, 1898-1935" by Jim Zwick:http://www.boondocksnet.com/ail98-35.html Bancroft Library, Suffragists Oral History Project (interviews with women involved in rights issues, from the suffragist movement of the early-20th century to the Equal Rights Amendment cause in the 1970s):http://library.berkeley.edu/BANC/ROHO/ohonline/suffragists.html

¨ The Alexander Graham Bell (inventer of the telephone) Papers (first release; 4/99):http://memory.loc.gov/ammem           bellhtml/bellhome.html

¨ Thomas A. Edison Papers, from Rutgers University (at present a searchable document database covering Edison's life           1847-1898; eventually the full published "papers" will be on-line):http://edison.rutgers.edu/

¨ The Samuel Gompers Papers (leader of American Federation of Labor):http://www.inform.umd.edu/Hist/Gompers          web1.html

¨ The Rutherford B. Hayes [U.S. President, 1877-1881] Papers (searchable):http://www.rbhayes.org

¨ The Making of America Project, a digital library of primary sources; a collaborative effort between the University of          Michigan (8,500 books and over 50,000 journal articles, mostly from the period 1850-1877) and Cornell University          (267     books and over 100,000 journal articles, mostly from 1840-1900)--all fully searchable:http://         moa.umdl.umich.edu/       and http://library5.library.cornell.edu/moa/

¨ Presidential Elections, 1860-1884 (cartoons, mostly from Harper's Weekly, and other information) and Political          Prints,             1766-1876 (a wider ranging collection from the Library of Congress holdings), both from the Harper's          Weekly            webpage:http://elections.harpweek.com/ and http://loc.harpweek.com/

¨ Society of Historians of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era (SHGAPE) Internet          Resources:http:www.hnet.msu.edu~shgape/internet/index.html

¨ Booker T. Washington Papers (from the History Cooperative):http://www.historycooperative.org/btw/index.html

¨ "Websites for the Gilded Age and Progressive Era" by Robert Cherny:http://bss.sfsu.edu/cherny/gapesites.htm

¨ Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1820-1940 (a project at SUNY         Binghamton):http:womhist.binghamton.edu/

¨ The World War I Document Archive (mostly European, but some U.S. content, including post-war)http://www.hcu.ox.ac.uk/mirrors/www.lib.byu.edu:80/~rdh/wwi/index.html

 

New Era, Depression, New Deal, World War II (1920-1945):

¨ Ad*Access at Duke University, "an online image database of over 7,000 advertisements printed mainly in U.S. newspapers and magazines between 1911 and 1955" (searchable):http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/adaccess/

 

¨ U.S. Foreign Policy Development under FDR, 1933-1942 [documents]:http://metalab.unc.edu/pha/7-2-188/188title.html

 

¨ Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro (hypertext version of a 1925 survey): http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/harlem

 

¨ The Lawless Decade--pictorial history of the U.S., 1918-1933:http://www.paulsann.org/thelawlessdecade/20_s.html

 

¨ The New Deal Network (documents, slave narratives, photos, and links to other sites; searchable):http://newdeal.feri.org/

 

¨ 1930s Project: http://xroads.virginia.edu/~1930s/front.html

 

¨ Project Whistlestop--the Harry S Truman (President 1945-1953) Digital Archivehttp://www.whistlestop.org/

 

¨ Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929 (primary sources on "the transition to a mass consumer economy" during the 1920s):http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/coolhtml/coolhome.html

 

¨ Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal (a collection of links to other sites):http://www.geocities.com/Athens/4545/

 

¨ Strategic Bombing Surveys (World War II analyses of the effectiveness of bombing):http://www.anesi.com/ussbs02.htm (Europe); http://www.anesi.com/ussbs01.htm (Japan)

 

¨ Student Activism in the 1930s (part of the New Deal Network--see above):http://newdeal.feri.org/students/

 

¨ Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1820-1940 (a project at SUNY-Binghamton):http://womhist.binghamton.edu/

 

¨ The World War II Resources Page (documents and links to more, including Pearl Harbor investigation):http://metalab.unc.edu/pha/

 

Post-War Period (1945-present):

¨ Congressional Record (pretty exclusively very modern material only):http://thomas.loc.gov/

 

¨ Freedom of Information Act--Sen. Joseph McCarthy's FBI file (4,296 pages of documents)http://foia.fbi.gov/mccarthy.htm

 

¨ "The Moynihan Report": The Negro Family, the Case for National Action (1965) [at U.S. Dept. of Labor webpage]:http://www.dol.gov/asp/programs/history/webid-meynihan.htm

 

¨ The National Security Archive Homepage (many declassified documents related to the Cold War, from the Cuban Missile Crisis to Richard Nixon's famous meeting with Elvis Presley and all points in between):http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/

 

¨ Project Whistlestop--the Harry S Truman (President 1945-1953) Digital Archivehttp://www.whistlestop.org/

 

¨ The Sixties Project at the University of Virginia contains primary documents and an on-line journal, the Vietnam Generation JournalProject homepage: http://lists.village.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Sixties.html andVNG Journal: http://lists.village.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Journal.html

 

TOPICAL PAGES

Diplomatic History:

¨ "Anti-Imperialism in the United States, 1898-1935" by Jim Zwick:http://www.boondocksnet.com/ail98-35.html

 

¨ The Avalon Project at Law University Law School--"documents in law, history and diplomacy" (mostly U.S.):http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/avalon.htm

 

¨ Foreign Relations of the United States [selected volumes of larger series]:http://www.state.gov/www/about_state/history/frusonline.html

 

¨ The National Security Archive Homepage (many declassified documents related to the Cold War, from the Cuban Missile Crisis to Richard Nixon's famous meeting with Elvis Presley and all points in between):http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/

 

¨ U.S. Diplomatic History Resources Index--a thorough collection of links to sites of interest, especially for the 20th century (including presidential libraries):http://faculty.tamu-commerce.edu/sarantakes/stuff.html

 

¨ U.S. Foreign Policy Development under FDR, 1933-1942 [documents]:http://metalab.unc.edu/pha/7-2-188/188title.html

 

Military History:

¨ Letters from an Iowa Soldier in the Civil War:http://www.ucsc.edu/civil-war-letters/home.html

 

¨ The Sixties Project at the University of Virginia contains primary documents and an on-line journal, the Vietnam Generation JournalProject homepage: http://lists.village.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Sixties.html andVNG Journal: http://lists.village.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Journal.html

 

¨ Strategic Bombing Surveys (World War II analyses of the effectiveness of bombing):http://www.anesi.com/ussbs02.htm (Europe); http://www.anesi.com/ussbs01.htm (Japan)

 

¨ The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War by Edward L. Ayres, Univ. of Virginia (large, searchable collection of primary documents from two communties during the Civil War era):http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/vshadow2/

 

¨ The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (1880-1901 [publication dates of individual volumes]) and Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion (1894-1922)http://library5.library.cornell.edu/moa/browse.monographs/waro.html and http://library5.library.cornell.edu/moa/browse.monographs/ofre.html

 

¨ The World War I Document Archive (mostly European, but some U.S. content, including post-war)http://www.hcu.ox.ac.uk/mirrors/www.lib.byu.edu:80/~rdh/wwi/index.html

 

¨ The World War II Resources Page (documents and links to more, including Pearl Harbor investigation):http://metalab.unc.edu/pha/

 

Economic History:

¨ The Alexander Graham Bell (inventer of the telephone) Papers (first release; 4/99):http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/bellhtml/bellhome.html

 

¨ Thomas A. Edison Papers, from Rutgers University (at present a searchable document database covering Edison's life 1847-1898; eventually the full published "papers" will be on-line):http://edison.rutgers.edu/

 

¨ Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929 (primary sources on "the transition to a mass consumer economy" during the 1920s):http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/coolhtml/coolhome.html

 

Social/Cultural History:

¨ Ad*Access at Duke University, "an online image database of over 7,000 advertisements printed mainly in U.S. newspapers and magazines between 1911 and 1955" (searchable):http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/adaccess/

 

¨ Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro (hypertext version of a 1925 survey). http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/harlem

 

¨ Native Americans Documents Project at California State University-San Marcos (USA):http://www.csusm.edu/nadp/nadp.htm

 

¨ Seattle General Strike Project (primary sources, secondary literature, and research reports):http://faculty.washington.edu/gregoryj/strike/strikehome.htm

 

¨ The Sixties Project at the University of Virginia contains primary documents and an on-line journal, the Vietnam Generation JournalProject homepage: http://lists.village.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Sixties.html andVNG Journal: http://lists.village.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Journal.html

 

¨ Student Activism in the 1930s (part of the New Deal Network):http://newdeal.feri.org/students/

 

¨ The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War by Edward L. Ayres, Univ. of Virginia (large, searchable collection of primary documents from two communties during the Civil War era):http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/vshadow2/

 

Slavery/Race Relations:

¨ American Slavery: A Composite Autobiography (transcripts of interviews with former slaves conducted in the 1930s)--         available through Bilkent Library:http://library.bilkent.edu.tr/online.html (and choose the appropriate datebase); also          consult the information page at http://gem.greenwood.com/pdf/SlaveryFactSheet.pdf

¨ Documenting the American South--"a collection of full-text primary sources on Southern history" including first          person narratives and ex-slave narratives; focused on the colonial period to the early-20th century:http:         sunsite.unc.edu/      docsouth/

¨ Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro (hypertext version of a 1925 survey). http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/harlem

¨ "The Moynihan Report": The Negro Family, the Case for National Action (1965) [at U.S. Dept. of Labor          webpage]:http://www.dol.gov/asp/programs/history/webid-meynihan.htm

¨ Booker T. Washington Papers (from the History Cooperative):http://www.historycooperative.org/btw/index.html

Women/Gender:

¨ Bancroft Library, Suffragists Oral History Project (interviews with women involved in rights issues, from the suffragist movement of the early-20th century to the Equal Rights Amendment cause in the 1970s):http://library.berkeley.edu/BANC/ROHO/ohonline/suffragists.html

 

¨ Civil War Women: Primary Sources on the Net (links to sources):http://odyssey.lib.duke.edu/women/cwdocs.html

 

¨ Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1820-1940 (a project at SUNY-Binghamton):http://womhist.binghamton.edu/

 

Labor History:

¨ U.S. Department of Labor, history resources:General: http://www.dol.gov/asp/programs/history/hiswebesources.htm

¨ Nixon/Ford Labor Depts.(1969-1977): http://www.dol.gov/asp/programs/history/webid-nixonford.htm

¨ Carter Labor Dept. (1977-1981): http://www.dol.gov/asp/programs/history/webid-carteradmin.htm

¨ "The Moynihan Report": The Negro Family, the Case for National Action (1965): http://www.dol.gov/asp/programs         history/webid-meynihan.htm

¨ The Samuel Gompers Papers (leader of American Federation of Labor):http://www.inform.umd.edu/Hist/Gompers         web1.html

¨ Seattle General Strike Project (primary sources, secondary literature, and research reports):http:         faculty.washington.edu/gregoryj/strike/strikehome.htm

 

History of the American West:

¨ WestWeb: Western History Resource by Catherine Lavender at CUNY (primary sources, secondary literature, bibliographies, and links relating to the history of the American West):http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/westweb

 

Collections of Links to Webpages with Primary Sources (with no single, unifying theme):

¨ About.com sites; formerly the Mining Co. (topical and chronological arrangements; a mixed bag as far as usefulness--very few primary documents; more like an encyclopedia on the web):

¨ Main history page: http://home.about.com/education/history/index.htm

¨ 19th Century: http://history1800s.about.com/mbody.htm

¨ 20th Century: http://history1900s.about.com/mbody.htm

¨ Women's History: http://womenshistory.about.com/mbody.htm

¨ American Studies Electronic Crossroads at Georgetown University (annotated links to other sites; searchable):http://www.georgetown.edu/crossroads/reference.html

¨ History Research Online, "a collection of resources for graduates, undergraduates, teaching assistants, and other researchers" (consists of links to other sites where the actual resources reside):http://members.aol.com/historyresearch/

¨ Information USA. Authoritative resource for foreign audiences seeking information about American society, political processes, official U.S. policies and culture.http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/

¨ Quantitative Data Available Via the Internet:

¨ Center for Population Economics at the University of Chicago--quantitative data sets free for use, including a very nice one on Union Army veterans, their health, etc.http://www.cpe.uchicago.edu/, or specifically for the Union Army, http://www.cpe.uchicago.edu/unionarmy/index.html

¨ Integrated Public Use Microdata Sample (IPUMS)--national census database, with samples from the federal census, 1850-1990; FREE usage.http://www.ipums.umn.edu/

¨ The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): an archive of computerized social science data. Bilkent is a member of ICPSR, meaning students here can use any of their data. Homepage: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/index.html Data archive: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/topical.html